Campus Security Authorities
According to the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act, Elizabethtown College is required to disclose “statistics concerning the occurrence of certain criminal offenses reported to local law enforcement agencies or any official of the institution who is defined as a ‘Campus Security Authority.’”
WHO ARE CSAs?
Campus Security Authorities (CSAs) are individuals who are involved in security, or who have a significant responsibility for student and campus activities. For example, CSAs includes staff members in Athletics, Faculty Advisors, Resident Assistants, Peer Mentors and Student Patrol Officers. Elizabethtown College is committed to maintaining a safe and secure campus. Therefore, we have designated nearly all full-time and part-time employees as CSAs.
The intent of including non-security personnel in the Campus Security Authorities (CSA) role is to acknowledge that some community members, and students in particular, may be hesitant about reporting crimes to campus security or the police; but may be more inclined to report incidents to other campus-affiliated individuals.
Keep in mind that CSAs are not meant, or intended to be, options for reporting crimes. Instead, we ask that if a crime is reported to a CSA, that they encourage the reporter to contact Campus Security. If the reporter declines, then the CSA must report the crime themselves.
WHO ARE NOT CSAs?
- Campus physicians or nurses whose only responsibility is to provide care to students.
- Pastoral or professional counselors acting in those specific roles.
WHAT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF A CSA?
- If someone tells you about a crime, or an incident that might be a crime, you must report it to Campus Security.
- Share the information as related by the person.
- When in Doubt, Report It. If you have questions about where the crime took place, when the crime took place, or whether the incident is a crime at all, it's always best to report it anyway.
- Tell the person who disclosed the crime to you that you must share the information.
- Help connect the person to available options and resources within the institution.
If you witness a crime occurring, it is always best to call 911 and Campus Security at 717.361.1111.
When a crime is reported to a CSA, first ask the person if they would like to report it to the Department of Campus Security. If so, contact Campus Security at 717.361.1264. If not, the CSA must submit, on a timely basis, the crime information to Campus Security. This can be accomplished by calling Campus Security, contacting the ECHotline, or by submitting this form (requires JayWeb Login).
If the reported crime is made in good faith, meaning that there is reasonable basis for believing that the information is not rumor or hearsay, then the crime is Clery reportable. CSAs should attempt to obtain (and ultimately document) as specific and thorough information about the incident as the reporting party is willing / able to provide. Reporting party identifying information should only be documented if the reporting party is willing to provide same. CSAs are not detectives. CSAs should not investigate the crime or attempt to determine whether a crime, in fact, took place. When in Doubt, Report It!!
All community members are encouraged to promptly report all campus related criminal incidents and other safety related emergencies to Campus Security (717.361.1264 or 717.361.1111). Criminal incidents can also be reported to the Elizabethtown Borough Police by contacting 911.
WHAT CRIMES SHOULD CSAs REPORT?
The Clery Act requires the disclosure of the following crimes***:
- Murder/Non-Negligent Manslaughter: the willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another. NOTE: Deaths caused by negligence, attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, and justifiable homicides are excluded.
- Negligent Manslaughter: the killing of another person through gross negligence
- Rape: Penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.
- Fondling: The touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, and/or against that person’s will; or where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental incapacity.
- Incest: Nonforcible sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
- Statutory Rape: Nonforcible sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.
- Robbery: the taking or attempting to take anything from value of the care, custody or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
- Burglary: The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. For reporting purposes this definition includes: unlawful entry with intent to commit a larceny or a felony; breaking and entering with intent to commit a larceny; housebreaking; safecracking; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned.
- Motor Vehicle Theft: The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. (Classify as motor vehicle theft all cases where automobiles are taken by persons not having lawful access, even though the vehicles are later abandoned - including joy riding)
- Arson: The willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, or personal property of another kind.
- Aggravated Assault: an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. It is not necessary that injury result from an aggravated assault when a gun, knife or other weapon is used which could or probably would result in a serious potential injury if the crime were successfully completed.
- Domestic Violence: The term ‘‘domestic violence’’ includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies, or by any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.
Dating Violence: The term ‘‘dating violence’’ means violence committed by a person— (A) who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and (B) where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:(i) The length of the relationship; (ii) The type of relationship; (iii) The frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
- Stalking: The term ‘‘stalking’’ means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to— (A) fear for his or her safety or the safety of others; or (B) suffer substantial emotional distress.
***The above definitions are from the Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook and may differ slightly from Pennsylvania law. For more information on Pennsylvania Crime Statutes, click here.
In addition, CSAs must also report crimes that were motivated by hate or bias against one or more of the following:
- Gender Identity
- Sexual Orientation
- National Origin
If you are not sure if an incident should be reported, contact Campus Security at 717.361.1264 to discuss. Remember, When in Doubt, Report It!