The Young Center staff conducts research related to Anabaptist and Pietist movements. Steven Nolt, senior scholar, carries out extensive research on the Amish and other Plain groups. Jeff Bach, director of the Young Center, does historical research related to Pietist groups. Staff members Edsel Burdge and Cynthia Nolt assist with the research and with the preparation of publications.

Through its fellows program, the Young Center also promotes research on Anabaptism and Pietism by helping support scholars and doctoral students from around the world purse their own research. The various lectures and programs at the Young Center provide opportunities for the general public to learn more about Anabaptism and Pietism through research conducted at the Young Center.