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8 | Elizabethtown Magazine

N obel Peace Prize recipient Shirin Ebadi called this the “decade of awakening and democracy in Islamic countries.” Ebadi, the 2011 Ware Lecturer on Peacemaking, detailed the fall of oppression in the Middle East and challenged the West to support the positive change by bringing to justice those who violate human rights. “We live in an [era of] globalization. But what we see is that only trade has become global,” reflected Ebadi. “Justice has to become global as well. If, in a country like Iran, [dictators] cannot be brought to justice, they have to be tried in inter-national criminal courts. This is a peaceful solution…whereas a war or economic sanctions are not the appropriate solutions.”

In 2003, Ebadi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her pioneering efforts in democracy and human rights, especially in advancing the rights of women and children. An Iranian lawyer, Ebadi is admired for providing legal defense for individuals who are being persecuted for exercising freedom of speech and political choices. She founded and now leads the Association for Support of Children’s Rights in Iran. In reflecting on the situation in Iran, Ebadi highlighted several examples of the country’s laws that discriminate against individuals on the basis of gender and religion. “The government of Iran has

violated human rights for years,” she said, noting that the world hasn’t been oblivious to the situation. “This is why, up to now, over 26 resolutions have been issued by the United Nations against Iran.” The Human Rights Council of the United Nations issued its most recent resolution in March 2011, taking the rare and significant action of appointing a special human rights rapporteur to Iran. A rapporteur is an independent expert charged with examining and reporting on a situation in a particular country or a specific human rights theme.

Ebadi emphasized that Iran’s political climate, coupled with challenging economic times in the country, is creating a powder keg of hostility and desperation. “People are very unhappy, but [they feel that] the answer to their situation is only bullets and prison,” she said, pointing out that an eruption of violence could have consequences for the broader world. “We’re all on the same boat, and this boat has to move toward a greater civilization. If we don’t make justice international, then we’re not going to get to the greater civilization.”

Shirin Ebadi Calls for Globalized Justice

Around T h e De l l

Nobel Peace Prize-recipient Shirin Ebadi—shown second from right with her interpreter (far R) and Turnbull-Jamieson Professor of Finance and International Business Hossein Varamini (far L)—urged her audience at Elizabethtown College toward globalized justice during the 2011 Ware Lecture on Peacemaking.

Now celebrating its fifth anniversary, the Ware Lecture on Peacemaking has brought world-renowned peacemakers, including three Nobel laureates, to central Pennsylvania. The series is part of the multi-faceted Judy S. ’68 and Paul W. Ware Colloquium on Peacemaking and Global Citizenship. The Ware Colloquium is made possible by a generous grant from Elizabethtown College Trustee Judy Ware ’68 and her husband, Paul (shown R). It is offered through the Center for Global Understanding and Peacemaking, which is led by Ambassador John Craig.

Five Years of Peace

April 14, 2011

Shirin Ebadi

Nobel Peace Prize Recipient Founder, Association for Support of Children’s Rights in Iran “The Golden Cage”

April 13, 2010

Terry Waite

Founder of Hostage UK and Y Care International U.K. Ambassador for the Freeplay Foundation “Resolving Conflicts: The Test of Humanity”

April 2, 2009

Jody Williams

Nobel Peace Prize Recipient Chairman of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines “An Individual’s Impact on Social and Political Change”

April 8, 2008

F.W. de Klerk

Nobel Peace Prize Recipient Former President of South Africa “Bridging the Gap: Globalization without Isolation”

April 11, 2007

Mary Robinson

Former President of Ireland Chair of Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative

“Human Rights and Ethical Globalization”

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