Supporting a Friend

There are many ways that you can help a friend or family member who has been a victim of sexual assault or sexual violence:

Listen. Be there. Don’t be judgmental.

Be patient. Remember, it will take your loved one some time to deal with the crime.

Help to empower your loved one. Sexual violence can take away an individual’s power, it is important not to compound this experience by putting pressure on your loved one to do things that he or she is not ready to do yet.

If your loved one is willing to seek medical attention or report the assault, offer to accompany him or her wherever s/he needs to go (hospital, police station, campus security, etc.)

Encourage him or her to contact confidential counseling or a confidential hotline, but realize that only your loved one can make the decision to get help.

It is also important to note that having a friend or family member who is sexually assaulted can be a very upsetting experience. For this reason it is also important that you take care of yourself. Even if your friend and family member isn’t ready to seek help, you can get support for yourself. You can also get ideas about ways to help your friend or family member through the recovery process.

Your feelings

When someone that you care about tells you that they have been a victim of sexual assault or sexual abuse, it can be difficult. You may have a range of reactions that could include…


  • You may be very surprised to hear what has happened.
  • You might have difficulty figuring out how to respond.


  • You might feel angry at the perpetrator for hurting your loved one.
  • You might also feel angry at your loved one for not telling you sooner or for telling you something that is hard for you to hear.
    • This can be especially true if the assault was committed by someone that you know. An example of this would be sexual assault that is committed by a family member (incest).


  • You might feel sad for your loved one, for his or her family, or for what this assault may change about both of your lives.


  • You might feel anxiety about responding the “right” way to your loved one.
  • You might feel anxiety about how this will impact your relationship.


  • Depending on the circumstances of your loved one’s assault, you might be concerned that something similar could happen to you.

Everyone has a different reaction when they find out that someone they care for has been sexually assaulted.There is no “wrong” way to feel. What is important is that you show the victim that you care and that you can help support them. 

It’s also very important for you to take care of yourself! Even though you were not the victim of the assault, hearing your loved one’s story and helping to support them can impact you as well.


How it may effect you

Helping someone who has experienced a sexual assault can change the way that you see the world.

  • Your belief in your personal safety might be shaken, especially if your loved on was assaulted somewhere that you have to visit.
  • Some family and friends of survivors may experience more conflict in their relationships, whether those are intimate partner relationships, friendships or family relationships.
    • This can be especially true if the person who committed the assault is a mutual acquaintance or a relative.
  • You might find that you’re more easily irritated or have difficulty tolerating frustration.
  • You could even experience nightmares about their experience.
  • You might begin to feel distant and begin avoiding people and activities that you usually find pleasurable, especially if your loved one was assaulted in one of theses places.

Here are some ways to cope with these feelings.

Make sure that you are involved in activities that don’t revolve around your loved one’s experience. It can be easy to get caught up in what is happening to them

Get involved in a sport or hobby that you love!! Find other people who are doing the same thing!

Knowing that people are counting on you to show up can help motivate you.If you have a spouse or partner, make a date night and stick with it.

Turn off your cell phones within reason 

Treat leisure appointments as seriously as business appointments. If you have plans to do something for fun, mark it on your calendar!

If you find that you are getting too involved with what is happening to your loved one, set limits!

Set aside time to do what they need you to do and when that time is up, move on to other activities

It’s very important for you to maintain your emotional health! You cannot help your loved one if you are in crisis yourself

Work to manage your feelings

Keep a journal. It may be helpful to write down some of the feelings that you are experiencing

Practice meditation or relaxation exercises. This may help maintain your emotional balance. For example:

  • Sit or stand comfortably, with your feet flat on the floor and your back straight. Place one hand over your belly button. Breathe in slowly and deeply through your nose and let your stomach expand as you inhale. Hold your breath for a few seconds, then exhale slowly through your mouth, sighing as you breathe out. Concentrate on relaxing your stomach muscles as you breathe in. When you are doing this exercise correctly, you will feel your stomach rise and fall about an inch as you breathe in and out. Try to keep the rest of your body relaxed—your shoulders should not rise and fall as you breathe! Slowly count to 4 as you inhale and to 4 again as you exhale. At the end of the exhalation, take another deep breath. After 3-4 cycles of breathing you should begin to feel the calming effects.

You might also consider talking to a counselor

As you work to support your loved on, make sure that you take care of yourself as well. It can be easy to get caught up in their needs and to forget about your own. Remember that you cannot help them unless you are taking care of yourself!

(Information on this page is provided, with permission, from RAINN)